Baby M, Gestational surrogacy, intended parents, Psychological Evaluation, Surrogacy Law, Surrogate Mother

Gestational Carrier Agreements Enforceable

Source: New Jersey Law Journal


The New Jersey Legislature is advancing a statute that would enable individuals to enter into enforceable agreements for surrogate parenthood via gestational carriers. The New Jersey Gestational Carrier Agreement Act (S-482, A-1704) awaits only final legislative approval and the signature of Gov. Phil Murphy to become law.

In gestational surrogacy, a woman agrees to be implanted with a fertilized egg that is not hers, and to carry the fetus to term. The fetus is conceived in vitro, using egg and sperm from donors who are unrelated to the woman. The act requires such agreements to be in writing; additionally, the carrier must be over age 21 and have already borne at least one child of her own; her spouse or partner must consent in writing, and the intended parents must provide financial and medical support to the woman throughout her pregnancy and delivery. All parties must also undergo psychological evaluation and be represented by independent counsel. The woman carrying the fetus must surrender custody of the baby to the intended parents immediately upon birth. The act specifies that during the pregnancy, the intended parents must initiate a proceeding for an order of parentage. After the birth, the state will issue a birth certificate listing only the intended parents as the legal parents. Records relating to the agreement will remain confidential, but the child may petition for access when he or she turns 18.

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Surrogacy, Surrogate Mother, UK

UK – ‘My online surrogate is now my best friend’: Mum reveals incredible bond after birth of twins

Source: Mirror

Elouise King and Jenny Robinson became best pals after talking online (Image: Sunday Mirror)

Online pals Elouise King and Jenny Robinson were nervous about their first face-to-face meeting – yet it would seal the mother of all friendships.

The pair had exchanged messages on a surrogacy forum but didn’t know if they would click in person.

That first meeting was in a pub. Fitting really, for just 18 months later they would be wetting the baby’s head not once, but twice, after Jen gave birth to Elouise and hubby Paul’s TWINS .

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Egg Donor, Gay Parenting, Same Sex, Surrogacy, Surrogate Mother, Uncategorized

‘It’s such a crude and jarring process’: Gay couple reveals the REAL cost of having kids via surrogacy, detailing how they paid $171,000 to become parents to their twins

Source: Daily Mail

A gay father of twins has revealed that he and his partner paid a total of $171,000 to have to have the children via a surrogate.

Speaking to The Cut as part of its How I Got This Baby series, a 36-year-old man named Brad from Indiana detailed the lengths he and his husband had to go to when they decided to have children.

Six months after they got married, the couple started the process of finding an egg donor even though Brad initially thought adoption was the only way he could even becoming a dad.

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Gestational carrier agreements, Gestational surrogacy, Infertility, intended parents, Parental rights, Singapore, Surrogacy, Surrogacy Law, surrogate children, Surrogate Mother

6 Legal Issues Singaporean Couples Should Consider Before Hiring a Surrogate

Source: Yahoo Finance

According to the Ministry of Health (MOH), surrogacy refers to the arrangement where “a woman is artificially impregnated, whether for monetary compensation or not, with the intention that the child is to be the social child of some other person or couple”.

Commercial surrogacy often involves a fee paid to the surrogate mother. By hiring a surrogate mother, you are essentially hiring a woman to carry and deliver a child for you.

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Law, Parental rights, Surrogacy, surrogate children, Surrogate Mother

‘Platonic’ couple can be joint parents

Source: The Times

Sir James Munby, the leading judge, said that a sexual relationship was not necessary for a marriage to be valid

A married couple in a sexless marriage because one of them is gay have been given the go ahead to be joint parents to a surrogate baby.

Britain’s leading Family Court judge, Sir James Munby, said it did not matter that the marriage was “platonic” or that they had separate homes.

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Gay Parenting, intended parents, Law, Parental rights, Same Sex, Surrogacy, Surrogacy Law, Surrogate Mother

Washington’s Uniform Parentage Act Signed Into Law

Source: The Seattle Lesbian

Law Bolsters Legal Protections for LGBTQ and Non-Biological Parents, Repeals Ban on Compensated Surrogacy, and Allows Regulated Surrogacy Agreements

Washington Governor Jay Inslee has signed into law Senate Bill 6037, which substantially updates and improves Washington’s version of the Uniform Parentage Act (UPA).

The UPA is the law that addresses how people are legally recognized as parents. This update strengthens protections for LGBTQ parents and non-biological parents, while maintaining the protections for rape survivors created by the 2017 Rape Survivor Safety Act.

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intended parents, Surrogacy, Surrogacy Law, Surrogate Mother

Surrogacy laws in Western Australia set to change

Source: 9 News

It’s the ultimate gift – bringing a baby into the world through surrogacy. 

However, in Western Australia, only 10 babies have been born through a surrogate in the last decade because the state’s laws are so tough. 

The process often takes up to a year and costs roughly $80,000. 

That makes Robina and her husband Ryan’s one year old son, Raphael, a rare baby. 

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No uterus, Surrogacy, Surrogate Mother, UK

UK – Woman born without a womb to finally become a mum after workmate makes incredible offer to be surrogate

Source: Daily Record

Proud parents-to-be Natasha and Peter with the scan of their new baby (Image: Daily Record)

Natasha Hutcheon and her childhood sweetheart will finally become parents after colleague Katie Beardal agreed to be their surrogate.

It was a dream they feared would never be realised after a series of heartbreaking setbacks.

But now a couple will finally become parents after a work colleague agreed to be a surrogate mum.

Natasha Hutcheon and childhood sweetheart Peter Walker, both 31, have dreamed of having a baby together since they met as teenagers.

They thought their hopes were dashed when Natasha discovered she was unable to have children.

Now, after 89 hospital visits and two miscarriages in eight years, Natasha’s co-worker Katie Beardal is expecting their baby in September.

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Gay Parenting, intended parents, Same Sex, surrogate children, Surrogate Mother

Unregulated Surrogacy Poses Risks for LGBT Couples, Warns Global Consultant

Source: Vision PRWeb

Sensible Surrogacy Founder, Bill Houghton, with his surrogacy family

Same-sex couples who are considering gay surrogacy to conceive their families should examine the serious risks of unregulated programs overseas, said Bill Houghton, founder of the Sensible Surrogacy Guide.

As same-sex couples increasingly look for options to conceive children, many are choosing programs in countries without basic protections, according to Bill Houghton, founder of the Sensible Surrogacy Guide. Some destinations popular with gay couples have no specific legislation on surrogacy. This opens the door to unregulated programs with serious risks.

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intended parents, Parental rights, Same Sex, Surrogacy, Surrogacy Law, Surrogate Mother, UK

UK – Surrogacy and HFEA Update (March 2018)

Source: Family Law Week

Andrew Powell, barrister of 4 Paper Buildings, considers recent developments relating to surrogacy law, including new guidance, as well as the latest cases concerning administrative errors and the HFEA.

H (A Child: Surrogacy Breakdown) [2017] EWCA Civ 1798 (17 November 2017)
Like so many of the reported surrogacy cases in this jurisdiction, in H (A child: Surrogacy breakdown) [2017] EWCA Civ 1798 the court – on this occasion, the Court of Appeal – highlights once more some of the complexities of surrogacy in the absence of any form of regulation.

The facts of this case can be summarised as follows. A and B were a male same-sex couple who entered into a surrogacy agreement with C and D who were a heterosexual married couple. A’s sperm and a donor egg resulted in C’s pregnancy with H. The parties’ relationship broke down subsequently and communication between them ceased. After the birth, the solicitors representing C and D wrote to A and B to inform them that they no longer wished to follow the terms of the agreement and would not provide their consent to the making of a parental order (one of the essential ingredients under s54 of the HFEA 2008).

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conception, intended parents, Surrogacy, Surrogate Mother

Infertility treatments that could help women get pregnant despite the odds

Source: The Health Site

The last two decades have been revolutionary in terms of fertility management and triumphing challenges posed by infertility. To the couple experiencing difficulty in getting pregnant, there is plenty of hope today. It is not a lost battle like it was in the past. Besides, almost every hurdle can be overcome with the help of scientific and technologically advanced options. For example, a woman without a uterus can still have her own child by borrowing another’s womb! This makes experts believe that every woman how chooses to become pregnant can be blessed.

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intended parents, Surrogacy, surrogate children, Surrogate Mother

International – Children risk being “commodities” as surrogacy spreads

Source: Scoop World

Children risk being “commodities” as surrogacy spreads, UN rights expert warns

GENEVA (6 March 2018) – Children face becoming commodities as surrogacy arrangements become more prevalent, and urgent action is needed to protect their rights, the UN Special Rapporteur on the sale and sexual exploitation of children has warned.

“There is no right to have a child under international law,” said Maud de Boer-Buquicchio, who presented a report to the Human Rights Council in Geneva. “Children are not goods or services that the State can guarantee or provide. They are human beings with rights.

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intended parents, Surrogacy, surrogate children, Surrogate Mother

UK government: Parents should tell their surrogate children about their birth

Source: BioEdge

The UK’s Department for Health and Social Care has released new guidelines advising that children born via surrogacy be told of their origins.

The guidelines, released last Wednesday, are intended to “ensure LGBTQ+ individuals are given equal care, and that all surrogates and intended parents are treated with due dignity and respect”. The document states:

Research suggests that openness, confidence and transparency about a child’s origins from an early age (pre-school) is the best way to talk to children about their identity and origins. Your fertility counsellor should have given you the opportunity to explore how you feel about telling a child about their origins, and fertility counsellors would be happy to help you reach a decision about this at any time, as your thoughts and feelings about if, when and how to do this may change over time.

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Gay Parenting, Gestational surrogacy, intended parents, Same Sex, Surrogacy, Surrogacy Law, Surrogate Mother

Fertility options for the LGBT community

Source: Out In Jersey

Dr. Dan Kaser at RMANJ

LGBT people have gradually stepped out from shadows over the last 50 years, not only transforming our own lives, but those of our families and communities. A generation or two ago, the children we raised were born of previous heterosexual relationships. This began to change in the 1970s and ‘80s, aided by helpful court rulings that reflected cultural sea change in attitudes toward gay people in general. In 1997, New Jersey became the first state to allow same-sex couples to adopt jointly.

Adoption, artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization and surrogacy are now viable avenues available for LGBT individuals and couples. Ultimately, the choice of how to build your family (adoption vs. fertility treatment) is a personal decision based on many factors. Those who seek help from assisted reproductive technologies want to have children with whom they share a genetic connection. What is this path like?

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compensation, intended parents, Surrogacy, Surrogacy Law, Surrogate Mother, UK

UK – First surrogacy guidelines for England and Wales released

Source BioNews

Appeared in BioNews 940

Government guidance has been issued for couples considering surrogacy in England and Wales, for the first time.

Two sets of guidelines have been released, one for surrogates and intended parents, and the other for healthcare professionals working with them.

Couples planning to enter into an agreement with a surrogate are recommended to use written agreements covering conception, expenses and any planned relationship between the surrogate and the child. They are also encouraged to use established surrogacy organisations in the UK to find a surrogate, rather than travelling abroad to clinics or using informal arrangements.

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intended parents, Surrogacy, Surrogate Mother

India – Sunny Leone welcomes sons via surrogacy

Source: Gulf News

Actress Sunny Leone on Monday surprised everyone by announcing the birth of her sons Noah and Asher via surrogacy.

She had adopted a girl, Nisha, in 2017.

Leone took to Twitter to post a picture of herself along with husband Daniel Weber and their three children.

Leone captioned it: “God’s plan! June 21st, 2017 was the day Daniel and I found out that we might possibly be having three children within a short amount of time. We planned and tried to have a family and after so many years [our] family is now complete with Asher Singh Weber, Noah Singh Weber and Nisha Kaur Weber.”

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Surrogacy Law, Surrogate Mother, UK

UK – Lawyers attack new surrogacy bill

Source: The Sunday Times

Sam Everingham, right, with his partner Phil Copland and their two surrogate daughters

Surrogacy support groups and family lawyers have criticised the government’s planned new laws on surrogacy, which they say will force 80 couples a year to go abroad to have children.

The government’s deadline for submissions on the planned Assisted Human Reproduction Bill, which will set up a new regulatory regime for surrogacy and other forms of assisted reproduction, closed last week.

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compensation, Surrogacy Law, Surrogate Mother

Washington State Considers Legalizing Commercial Surrogacy

Source: Christian Headlines

Photo courtesy: ©

Washington state could legalize commercial surrogacy, where the surrogate mother is compensated beyond medical expenses.

According to The Christian Post, children’s rights advocates say the proposal is “selling” babies.

Wednesday morning, the Washington state House of Representative passed the “Uniform Parentage Act.” House Democrats voted in favor of the act. Every Republican member opposed the bill.

“For House Republicans, this bill was a matter of conscience,” said house member Liz Pike, according to Clark County Today.

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Australia, Embryo, Gestational surrogacy, Infertility, intended parents, IVF, Surrogacy, Surrogate Mother

Australia – Surrogacy success for Hunter family with new baby after years of heartache, IVF, and two surrogates.

Source: Newcastle Herald

Priceless: Kristy and Craig Darken with baby Henry, born via a surrogate. Kristy described the process as akin to having all of the ingredients to make a cake, but baking it in someone else’s oven. Picture: Kelsey Mlekus Photography

BY the time Kristy and Craig Darken found out they were going to be parents, they had almost given up all hope of holding a child of their own in their arms.

It had been close to eight years of highs and lows, of hope and of devastation, as the Elermore Vale couple trod the testing track of having a baby via a surrogate.

But then, countless counselling sessions, IVF, two surrogates and 10 embryos later, a tearful late night phone call came from Kristy’s sister, Rebecca.

“She was crying her eyes out,” Kristy said.

“I thought she was crying because she knew it was our last try. I thought she was devastated. Then finally, she said, ‘I’m pregnant. It worked’.

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Donor Eggs, Egg Donor, Europe, Gestational surrogacy, intended parents, IVF, Sperm Donor, Surrogacy, Surrogate Mother

Fertty International: Study Reveals Americans Opting for Assisted Reproductive Treatment Abroad

Source: Cision PR Newswire

The high cost of assisted reproductive treatment in North America is forcing many US citizens to look to other countries for high-quality medical care at a lower cost.

Fertty International. A modern clinic, for new models of the family (PRNewsfoto/Fertty International)

In 2016, nearly 1.4 million Americans travelled outside the U.S. in search of medical treatment, compared to 750,000 in 2008. Currently, medical tourism, or cross border reproductive care as the media have labelled it, is rising by 25% per year.

The primary reasons for these trips, according to a study conducted by the Task Force on Ethics and Law from the ESHRE, and published in the scientific journal Human Reproduction (Shenfield et al. 2010), is the difficulty in accessing certain treatments due to legal restrictions, long waiting lists, and thirdly, the search for high-quality reproductive treatment.

The main countries hosting these medical tourists in Europe are Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Switzerland, Slovenia and Spain. The fact that the latter has the most permissive legislation in terms of assisted reproduction, together with the European regulations on mobilisation of biological samples, and high medical and technical quality make Spain the top destination. It is also the country with the most egg donations.

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